Language of Indian Music
(Grammer of Music)
Aroha presents the ascending scale of a Raaga e.g. Sa, Re, ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, ni, +Sa.
Avroha presents the descending scale of a Raag e.g. +Sa, ni, Dha, Pa, Ma, ga, Re, Sa.
Vadi Swar is the central note of a Raag. All variations and improvisations root into this Swar. You hear and notice it time and again as some Raag is elaborated. It is the second major note after Sa and keeps in itself the fundamental elements of the Raag. Let me say that Vadi Swar represents the father in a family.
Samvadi Swar keeps company with the Vadi Swar. It helps to eloborate the melody rooted in Vadi Swar. It lies some 4-5 Swars away from the Vadi Swar mostly. It is the third major Swar after Sa and Vadi Swar and remains audible most next to Vadi Swar. Let me say that Samvadi Swar represents the mother in a family.
(And all other Swars could be seen as the children building a family called Raag)!
Varjit are/is the Swars/Swar which may not be used in a Raag. Some Swars may be Varjit only in Aroha yet be used in Avroha or the other way round.
Pakad is the phrase of melody belonging to a Raag. It is the very essence of a Raag containing all its elements and individuality. It is something unique and not transferable to some other Raag. Pakad should tell only through its few Swars which Raag it belongs to.
A Thaat consists of seven Swars always. The tangibility can be altered if we neglect one or two Swars during Aroha or Avroha.The number of the used Swars is defined as Jati. The number of Swars in Aroha and Avroha may differ in a Raag from another one. The pattern of this difference is called Jati. There are three Jatis in the Raagsystem:
|Audav||This Jati has 5 Swars|
|Shadav||This jati has 6 Swars|
|Sampooran||This Jati has 7 Swars|
So there are nine different combinations the Raags may be classified to:
|Aroha (Ascending)||Avroha /Descending)||Short form|
Rasa is the character of a Raag, it is the colour of its melody.It tells you what it basically means about the contents of a melody.Let us say it is the 'mood of a Raag'!
There are ten different Rasas in the indian Raagsystem:
|Shingar||Mundane love, romance, wishfulness, yearning, desire|
|Hasya||Humor, mirth, cheerfulness, comic|
|Karuna||Pathos, sadness, loneliness, sorrow, anguish of mind|
|Rudra||Anger, power, force, potency|
|Veer||Dignity, portliness, glory, randeur, superbness|
|Bhyanak||Fear, awing, , fearfulness|
|Vibhas||Hatred, rancor, odium, aversion, disinclination, reluctance|
|Adbhut||Astonishment, surprise, admiration|
|Shant||Peace, tranquillity, silence, serenity, calmness, comfort, composure|
|Bhakti||Spirituel love, submission, subservientness, adoration|